N05 A Systematic Review of Self-Management Intervention Study for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Lizawa, M.(1);Hirose, L.(1);Tairaka, A.(1);Maya, N.(2);
(1)Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited., Japan Medical Office, Tokyo, Japan;(2)Mukogawa Women’s University, School of Nursing, Hyogo, Japan
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have to deal with abdominal symptoms for a long time because the disease often develops at a young age, and radical treatment has not been established. To prevent worsening of symptoms associated with IBD and delay the progression of the disease, and lead a better daily life, patients must self-manage in their daily lives. At this moment, it is not clear which kinds of self-management are effective for IBD patients. Therefore, we conducted a systematic literature review (SLR) to clarify the present status and efficacy of self-management for IBD patients and find out the effective methods of self-management intervention.
The SLR was conducted in accordance with the methods recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook7, to reduce the risk of bias and errors. The searches were performed in Embase, Medline, and Cochrane databases. Additionally, the PsychInfo and the cumulative index of nursing and allied health literature (CINAHL) databases were searched, and relevant articles were included as other sources. Abstracts and full texts were screened to select relevant articles based on the inclusion criteria. A quality assessment was undertaken by using the Cochrane risk of bias tool checklist.
Fifty studies met the inclusion criteria and were finally included in this review. In 31 studies, the overall population of IBD patients was included. Fourteen studies included only UC patients, 5 studies included only CD patients. Among 50 studies, 33 studies have statistically significant differences in the outcomes. We categorized the interventions and outcomes of all the studies based on Barlow’s study in 2002 and analyzed the efficacy of the intervention on the outcomes. The most common intervention was informational, subsequently management of psychological effects. The most common outcome was Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ). We found that psychological management and interventions related to problem-solving, goal setting, action plan, and coping skills had a positive effect on the body and psychology of IBD patients. There were six studies that investigated the effects of intervention by online medical care. Half of the online intervention showed an improvement in the use of medical services.
It is important for IBD patients and health care providers to work together to share the problem, followed by setting goals and decide on an action plan. To succeed in this process, multidisciplinary collaboration is necessary and continuous support by health care providers will be meaningful for IBD patients.