OP30 Lyophilised orally administered faecal microbiota transplantation for Active Ulcerative Colitis (LOTUS study)
Haifer, C.(1);Saikal, A.(2);Paramsothy, S.(1);Borody, T.J.(3);Ghaly, S.(2);Kaakoush, N.O.(4);Leong, R.(1)
(1)The University of Sydney, Concord Clinical School, Sydney, Australia;(2)St Vincent's Hospital Sydney, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sydney, Australia;(3)Centre for Digestive Diseases, Centre for Digestive Diseases, Sydney, Australia;(4)The University of New South Wales, Faculty of Medicine, Sydney, Australia
Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) administered via the lower GI tract effectively induces remission in ulcerative colitis (UC). Orally administered FMT capsules may improve patient tolerability and facilitate maintenance therapy while it is unclear if pre-FMT antibiotics enhance therapeutic efficacy.
We performed a dual-centre randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral lyophilised FMT in adults with mild-moderately active UC (total Mayo 4-10). All subjects received 2-weeks of pre-FMT antibiotics (amoxycillin, metronidazole and doxycycline) before 1:1 randomisation to either oral FMT (0.35g stool content per capsule from 1 of 2 healthy donors) or identical placebo for 8 weeks. Enforced tapering and cessation of corticosteroids was mandated. The primary endpoint was week 8 steroid-free clinical remission with endoscopic remission or response (total Mayo score ≤2 with subscores ≤ 1 for rectal bleeding, stool frequency and endoscopic appearance, and ≥1-point reduction from baseline in endoscopy subscore). Responders to FMT induction were re-randomised to either continue maintenance FMT or withdrawal of FMT with final outcomes assessed at week 56.
Recruitment was paused due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 37 patients were randomised. Baseline patient and disease characteristics were balanced between the randomised groups. The primary outcome was achieved in 8/16 (50%) receiving FMT versus 3/19 (16%) receiving placebo (OR: 4.63; 95%CI: 1.74-12.30; P=0.002). Steroid-free clinical remission rates and endoscopic remission rates were 69% vs 26% (P=0.012) and 44% vs 16% (P=0.074) in the FMT and placebo arms, respectively. Reported SAE were worsening colitis (2 FMT, 1 placebo) and PR bleeding relating to previous anal surgery (placebo). Ten patients entered the maintenance withdrawal study. Steroid-free clinical, endoscopic and histologic remission was achieved in 4/4 patients who continued daily oral FMT, with all 6 patients randomised to FMT withdrawal having a flare of disease with a median time to relapse of 6 months.
Oral lyophilised FMT following antibiotic pre-treatment for mild-moderately active ulcerative colitis was associated with a significant increased rate of clinical remission with endoscopic remission or response versus antibiotic treatment alone at week 8. Pre-treatment antibiotics had an additive impact upon treatment efficacy compared with previous studies utilising FMT. Maintenance FMT therapy was associated with sustained clinical, endoscopic and histologic remission at week 56. Treatment was well tolerated and there were no new safety signals related to FMT therapy.