P180 Ileorectal anastomosis preserves female fertility after colectomy in Ulcerative Colitis
Druvefors, E.(1)*;Myrelid, P.(2);Andersson, R.E.(1);Landerholm, K.(1);
(1)Department of Surgery- County Hospital Ryhov- Jönköping- Sweden, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences- Faculty of Health Sciences- Linköping University- Linköping- Sweden, Jönköping, Sweden;(2)Department of Surgery- Linköping University Hospital- Linköping- Sweden, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences- Faculty of Health Sciences- Linköping University- Linköping- Sweden, Linköping, Sweden;
Colectomy and reconstruction in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may adversely affect fertility, but few population-based studies are available.
Fertility was assessed in 2,989 women and 3,771 men with IBD and prior colectomy 1964-2014, identified from the Swedish National Patient Register, and 35,092 matched population-based individuals.
Reconstruction with ileoanal pouch anastomosis (IPAA) was as common as ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) in ulcerative colitis (UC) and IBD-unclassified (IBD-U) while rare in Crohn’s disease (CD). Compared with the matched non-IBD cohort, women with IBD had lower fertility overall post colectomy (HR 0.65, CI 0.61-0.69). The impact was least in patients with colectomy only with the rectum left intact (HR 0.79, CI 0.70–0.90) and more pronounced after reconstructive surgery. Comparing the surgical options within the cohort of women with colectomy for IBD using colectomy only as reference, fertility in female patients remained unaffected after IRA (HR 0.86, CI 0.63-1.17 for UC, 0.86, CI 0.68-1.08 for IBD-U and 1.07, CI 0.70-1.63 for CD), but was impaired after IPAA, especially in UC (HR 0.67 CI 0.50-0.88), and after completion proctectomy (HR 0.65, CI 0.49-0.85 for UC, 0.68, CI 0.55-0.85 for IBD-U and 0.61, CI 0.38-0.96 for CD). In men, fertility was marginally reduced in the entire cohort post colectomy (HR 0.89, CI 0.85-0.94), regardless of reconstruction.
Fertility was reduced in women after colectomy for IBD. The least impact was seen with a deviated rectum left in situ. IRA was associated with no further reduction in fertility, whereas proctectomy with or without IPAA were associated with the strongest impairment. IRA therefore seems to be the preferred reconstruction to preserve fertility in selected female patients. Fertility in men was only moderately reduced after colectomy and reconstructive choice.