P180 The prevalence and clinical course of atypical distribution of inflammation in newly diagnosed ulcerative colitis
Kim, N.Y.(1);Lee, Y.J.(1);Kim, K.O.(2);Kim, E.S.(3);Lee, H.S.(3);Kim, S.K.(3);Jang, B.I.(2);Kim, E.Y.(4);Cho, K.B.(1);Kim, J.(1);
(1)Keimyung University School Of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Daegu, Korea- Republic Of;(2)Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Daegu, Korea- Republic Of;(3)School of Medicine- Kyungpook National University, Department of Internal Medicine, Daegu, Korea- Republic Of;(4)Daegu Catholic University School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Daegu, Korea- Republic Of;
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is characterized by continuous mucosal inflammation extending from rectum to the proximal lesion. However, there are cases of atypical distribution of inflammation, such as appendiceal orifice inflammation (AOI), skipped lesion, and rectal sparing. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and clinical course of atypical distribution of inflammation in newly diagnosed UC.
Between 2013 and 2021, 374 patients who underwent a colonoscopy at the time of diagnosis of UC were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical courses including relapse rate within 1-year, 2-year of diagnosis and exposure to immunomodulator or biologics during follow-up were retracted from the prospective IBD registry (ClinicalTrial.gov, NCT02193464). Atypical UC was defined as patients with AOI, skipped lesion or rectal sparing at initial colonoscopy. The clinical courses and changes of endoscopic findings were compared between typical UC group and atypical UC group.
Of 374 patients, 116 (31.0%) categorized as atypical UC; specifically, 90 (24.1%) showed AOI, 17 (4.5%) showed rectal sparing and 49 (13.1%) showed skipped lesion. When 90 patients with AOI were reclassified according to the extent of inflammation, 62(16.6%) had a localized inflammation at peri-appendiceal area, 13(3.5%) had an inflammation of the entire cecum, 15(4.0%) had an inflammation extends to the proximal A-colon. The clinical courses of atypical UC were not different from typical UC group, however, patients with skipped lesion showed a lower 1-year relapse rate compared to those without skipped lesion (P=0.042). Of 96 patients with atypical UC who underwent follow-up endoscopy, 73 (75.8%) demonstrated a typical distribution of UC at their follow-up colonoscopy.
Atypical distribution of UC including AOI, skipped lesion, and rectal sparing are not uncommon in patient with newly diagnosed UC. However, most of these features do not appear to correlate significantly with prognosis in the clinical course of UC. In majority of patients with atypical UC, the lesion turned into typical UC on follow-up colonoscopy.