P260 Care pathway modelling and economic analysis of a single NHS IBD Service following introduction of Small bowel ultrasound.
RadfordBSc- MSc- PGCert- PhD student, S.(1)*;Tench, C.(2);Moran, G.(3);
(1)Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, NIHR Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre- Gastrointestinal and Liver disorders, Nottingham, United Kingdom;(2)The University of Nottingham, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Nottingham, United Kingdom;(3)NIHR Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Translational Medical Sciences- School of Medicine- The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom;
Small bowel ultrasound (SBUS) is an accurate, inexpensive and non-invasive method of diagnosing and monitoring IBD. The service delivery and economic implications of SBUS implementation on NHS IBD services have not previously been explored.
This study took the form of a service evaluation. Analysis of patient care episodes and flow through the established imaging (MRE and SBUS) and IBD care pathways was undertaken, data relating to patient flow, waiting times, resource use and healthcare engagement of patients were collected from care episodes between 01/01/2021 – 30/03/2022. Costs were calculated per care episode.
Data from a service evaluation relating to 192 imaging referrals from IBD clinics for patients with Small bowel Crohn's disease (SBCD), and patient flow through the pathway were collected. Per scan, MRE was almost 5 times more costly than SBUS examinations (£305 versus £51 respectively). Patients from the SBUS pathway had fewer healthcare interactions across all three categories (Helpline, IBD Nurse or IBD Consultant appointments). Patients from the MRE pathway. Estimated costs per patient in the SBUS pathway were £81.72, and £379.58 per patient in the MRE pathway. Further to this the waiting times for MRE were significantly longer than those for SBUS.
The use of SBUS is a potential cost saving option when compared to MRE for adult patients with SBCD. There was a difference between the SBUS and MRE pathways in the waiting times for both the medical imaging scans, the reports of the scans and the initiation of an appropriate treatment plan. SBUS waiting times were shorter in all aspects except for the time between scanning report and the treatment initiation, indicating that it is the waiting times for the scans and the respective reporting that cause delays in treatment initiation. Future research in this area should attempt to consider the wider impact on cost effectiveness of the use of SBUS through investigation of costs including treatment costs, including the timing and use of biologic and immunomodulator treatments, impact of delays on service use and healthcare interactions of patients, work productivity and quality adjusted life years.