P439 Stability of subcutaneous serum IFX (CTP13) levels between two injections and over two successive cycles in patients with Crohn's disease.
Roblin, X.(1);Bastide, L.(1);veyrard, P.(1);berger, A.E.(2);Paul, S.(2);
(1)CHU Saint Etienne - Hospital Nord, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology- Inserm- CIC1408, Saint Priest en Jarez, France;(2)CHU Saint Etienne - Hospital Nord, Immunology- Inserm- CIC1408, Saint Priest en Jarez, France;
Under IFX sc, we do not know if there is a residual level of IFX. The aim of this work was to investigate this point by analyzing the intra-individual variability of the serum level of IFX sc.
This was an observational, prospective study that included patients with CD undergoing maintenance treatment with IFX sc (120mg every 14 days). Patients had IFX determinations (i Track 10; Theradiag (France) at visit 1 (day 4 to 6 after SC injection), visit 2 (day 7 to 9 after sc injection) and visit 3 (day 13 to 14 after sc injection) on two consecutive cycles. The first determinations were made only after 8 weeks of switching from IV to SC. All patients at inclusion were in clinical remission (CDAI < 150) with calprotectin levels < 250 µg/g stool.
20 patients (mean age: 36 years, sex ratio M/F: 1, mean duration of IFX IV: 16 months) were included, i.e. meaning 120 determinations. 8 patients were treated in combination with thiopurines. Mean residual levels before switch to sc were 3.9 +/-1.2 µg/mL. Mean intraindividual levels between the two cycles were comparable (Visit 1: cycle 1: 11.1 +/- 4.4 µg/mL, cycle 2: 11.6 +/- 4.6 µg/mL; p=0.65; Visit 2: cycle 1: 12.0 +/- 5.1 µg/mL, cycle 2: 11.3 +/-4.9 µg/mL; p=0.25; Visit 3 cycle 1: 11.0 +/-4. 7 µg/mL, cycle 2: 10.9 +/- 4.2 µg/mL; p=0.21. Serum IFX sc levels remained stable over the 14 days between the two SC injections (p=0.36). Mean IFX levels at any dosing time were comparable in patients with and without thiopurines (IFX sc monotherapy: mean: 11.5 +/- 5.5 µg/mL versus IFX sc with thiopurines: mean: 11.8 +/- 4.6 µg/mL, p=0.54) . Finally, residual IFX IV levels before switch did not influence the results of IFX sc serum concentrations (p=NS).
Measure of IFX levels for IFX SC can be proposed at any time between two injections. No residual levels were found. These data are important for our clinical practice.