P707 Microbial signature of the colon is not associated with response to vedolizumab in Crohn’s disease

HagemanMD, I.(1,2);Joustra, V.(1);Li Yim, A.(2,3);Davids, M.(4);Henneman, P.(3);Hakvoort, T.(2);Probert, F.(5);Satsangi, J.(6);D'Haens, G.(1);De Jonge, W.(2);

(1)Amsterdam UMC- University of Amsterdam, Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;(2)Amsterdam UMC- University of Amsterdam, Tytgat institute for for Liver and Intestinal Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;(3)Amsterdam UMC- University of Amsterdam, Genome Diagnostics Laboratory- Department of Human Genetics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;(4)Amsterdam UMC- University of Amsterdam, Laboratory of Experimental Vascular Medicine- Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;(5)Oxford University, Department of Chemistry- Chemistry Research Laboratory- Mansfield Road, Oxford, United Kingdom;(6)Oxford University, Translational Gastroenterology Unit- NIHR Oxford Biomedical Research Centre- Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom; On behalf of the EPIC-Pioneer consortium


Crohn’s disease (CD) is a complex disease where the gut microbiome plays an important role. One of the established treatments in CD is Vedolizumab (VDZ), an alpha(4)beta(7) integrin antibody. Finding biomarkers to predict therapy response is still a clinical unmet need, since this treatment has shown endoscopic remission in only a third of CD patients. Ananthakrishnan et al. demonstrated a strong relationship between microbial metagenomics signature and therapy response to VDZ in CD based on the metagenomics composition of baseline fecal samples. While the majority of studies focus on fecal samples, mucosa-adherent bacterial signature could bring forth stable biomarkers. In this study, we sought to identify the signature of the adherent microbiome in intestinal biopies to differentiate  responders (R) from non-responders (NR) to VDZ treatment at baseline.


We prospectively collected ileal and colonic biopsies from adult CD patients scheduled to start VDZ treatment during baseline- and follow-up (FU) endoscopies. After median 27 weeks of follow-up, patients were classified as either R or NR based on endoscopic response (≥50% reduction in SES-CD score), steroid-free clinical response (≥3 point drop in HBI or HBI ≤4, no systemic steroids) and/or biochemical response (≥50% reduction in C-reactive protein (CRP) and fecal calprotectin or a basal CRP ≤5 g/mL and fecal calprotectin ≤250 µg/g). Microbiome composition of the biopsies was determined using 16S RNA gene V3V4 amplicon sequencing. We measured alpha and beta diversity using Wilcoxon and Adonis metrics.


In total, 44 CD patients were included in the baseline cohort (28 R and 16 NR) and 53 CD patients were included in the follow up cohort (37 R and 20 NR), for which 21 patients overlap between baseline and follow up.  When comparing alpha-diversity between R and NR, we did not find significant differences in ileal (Wilcoxon, p=0.78) and colonic (Wilcoxon, p=0.70) samples at baseline nor at follow up ( ileal Wilcoxon, p=0. 27 and colonic Wilcoxon, p=0. 63). Next, comparing the beta-diversity, we demonstrated no significant differences between R and NR in ileal (baseline p=0.96, follow up p=0.11) and colonic (baseline p=0.11, follow up p=0.4). Microbiome profiles did show high inter-individual variation but were highly similar intra-individually both between body site and over time.

Baseline characteristics


Here, we investigated the microbial signature of VDZ R and NR and demonstrated mucosa-associated microbiome is mostly stable after resolution/non-resolution of inflammation in CD and does not predict response to VDZ therapy. Further analyses on data of infliximab, adalimumab and ustekinumab treated patients, as part of the EPIC Pioneer study, are ongoing.